When exploring the historical sites of England it is easy to imagine the knightly battles and courtly chivalry of bygone ages. Their stone walls stand as testament to a long and changing history, a series of invasions which have shaped the buildings, and the country itself. Here are just a few of England’s most beautiful castles:
Tintagel Castle, Cornwall
Tintagel Castle is shrouded in mists and legends – its links with Arthurian mythology are strong. Arthur himself was said to have been conceived here when his father, Uther Pendragon, was disguised by Merlin’s sorcery to look like Arthur’s mother’s husband. In the real early mediaeval period, a structure here was probably used as a season residence of the regional King. The ruins seen today are those of the castle built in the 13th Century by Richard, Earl of Cornwall. They have been a tourist attraction since the 19th Century, in part due to the King Arthur connections, and in part due to their spectacular and scenic location on the Peninsula of Tintagel Island.
Warwick Castle, Warwickshire
The huge mediaeval castle on a bend of the River Avon was built in 1068 by William the Conqueror. It was used militarily until the 18th Century, when it became a stately home to the Greville family. In 1978, Warwick Castle was opened as a tourist attraction, and it remains a popular one today. It is home to one of the world’s largest siege engines, an 18m tall trebuchet. The castle itself is fascinating, and the surrounding gardens are also well worth the visit. Though beware if you are of a nervous disposition – sections of this castle are said to be haunted.
Dover Castle, Kent
This Castle is in a strategic position, right on the English Channel above the famous White Cliffs. Such was its defensive significance that it was described as the ‘Key to England’. Not only does the castle offer amazing views out over the channel towards France, it also has many secret tunnels beneath it, which are fascinating to explore. These tunnels served a strategic purpose from the Napoleonic Wars right up until the Second World War.
Dunstanburgh Castle, Northumberland
The eerie ruins of 14th Century Dunstanburgh Castle stand, imposing, on the Northumberland coast between the villages of Embleton and Craster. The curtain walls enclose over nine acres, making this the largest castle in the region. This castle is not only of historical significance and interest, it is also a site of special scientific interest, as it is an important habitat for birds and amphibians.
Arundel, West Sussex
Arundel Castle is a restored mediaeval castle dating from the 11th Century. It was badly damaged in the English Civil War before being rebuilt in the 18th and 19th Centuries. Arundel Castle is set on a wooded hill, and commands lovely views over the surrounding countryside. It is the longest occupied stately home in the country, with many ancient features, as well as the Victorian Gothic architecture which is said to be some of the finest found anywhere in England.
Content Courtesy- www.traveleze.co.uk